More unusual members of Asteraceae (part 4)

Close up from our Common Knapweed or Centaurea nigra.
The main heading of my wonderful weed blog is of Greater Knapweed or Centaurea scabiosa! See further in today’s block to learn about all the virtues of this genus.

Today I will write the last part on our native Asteraceae or ‘composites’ and daisy family in common terms. All known medicinal uses and other uses are mentioned.

On the end of this post all the links to the posts I’ve done so far about this large family!

In the last post I covered with what we see as the common daisies: yellow centred disk flowered with a ray of white florets as well as a few other composites or Asteraceae.

This time we start with plants we don’t immediately associate with the composites, but closely observed we find always the common combination of many disc florets, surrounded or not with ray florets.

Then finishing off with the other typical group of the Asteraceae which are the various ‘dandelion like’ flower members!

Most information again from the Medicinal Flora by J. Barker. The links to the scientific and common name provide also with good, general information about the plants!

There is a green background for the text if the plant is edible, ornamental or otherwise useful for wildlife, etc. Pink background is either as a warning or medicinal use. Blue background for interesting facts! To make the post more colourful I have given the plant a background of the flower colour!

MOST MEDICINAL PLANTS ARE ALSO TOXIC IN LARGE DOSE. Advice is to never self-medicate.

Contents:

ARTEMISIAS OR WORMWOODS

Tussilago farfara or Coltsfoot Petasitis albus or White Butterbur Petasitis hybridus or Butterbur Jacobaea vulgaris ( syn. Senecio jacobaea) or Common Ragwort Senecio vulgaris or Groundsel Calendula officinalis or Pot Marigold Carlina acaulis or Stemless Carline Thistle Arctium lappa or Greater Burdock and A. minus or Lesser Burdock Silybum marianum or Milk Thistle Centaurea nigra or Lesser Knapweed C. scabiosa or Greater Knapweed C. cyanus or Cornflower Cichorium intybus or Chicory & Wild Succory Hypochoeris radicata or Cat’s-ear Tragopogon pratensis or Goat’s-beard & Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon Sonchus oleraceus or Smooth Sow-thistle S. asper or Spiny Sow-thistle Lactuca virosa or Wild Lettuce Taraxacum aggr.  or Dandelion Lapsana communis or Nipplewort Hieracium  sps. or Hawkweed Pilosella officinarum  or  Mouse-ear Hawkweed Pilosella aurantiaca or Fox-and-Cubs,

Continue reading “More unusual members of Asteraceae (part 4)”

The more common natives of the Daisy family and their medicinal and some other uses! (part 3)

The humble daisy! (Picture by AnRo0002 – Own work; Wikipedia)

In my last blog I introduced you to the Asteraceae or the Daisy family. The first post was all about the classification of this large family.

Today I will list some of the commonly known, medicinal ones in our temperate climate, mentioned in the Medicinal Flora by Julian Barker.

As I’ve already included some pictures in the general blog on Asteraceae back in the summer I will only include links on both of the plant names so you will be able to read more about each plant on other useful websites. You can find pictures on Wikipedia> tools >Wikipedia Commons as well as in the Gallery of Plant Atlas 2020 Online.

I will also colour code the blocks on the colour of the flower. Hope you will find that useful as well as pretty! Most uses are medicinal. Plants used as an ornamental or other uses are backed by a green colour! The link on the Scientific name as well as the information about habitat is from Plant Atlas 2020 Online (backed by blue).

Cautions: This is a ‘ethno’ blog on the known medical uses of the Composites or Daisy family. There are many cautions mentioned and self-medication is therefore not advised: seek help through a qualified herbalist!

Contents:

Eupatorium cannabinum or Hemp Agrimony Solidago virgaurea or Golden Rod Bellis perennis or Daisy Conyza canadensis or Canadian Fleabane Gnaphalium uliginosum or Marsh Cudweed Antennaria dioica or Cat’s foot, Life Everlasting and Mountain Everlasting Inula helenium or Elecampane Pulicaria dysenterica or Common Fleabane Bidens tripartita or Bur-marigold, Trifid Bur-marigold Xanthium strumarium or Common Cocklebur Gallinsoga parviflora or Gallant Soldier, Kew Weed Achillea ptarmica or Sneezewort Achillea millefolium or Yarrow

The Chamomiles and Related plants

1) Anthemis cotula or Stinking Mayweed, Stinking Chamomile 2) Chamaemelum nobile or Roman Chamomile 3) Matricaria chamomilla or German Chamomile 4) Matricaria discoidea or Pineapple Weed or Rayless Mayweed

Tanacetum vulgare or Tansy Tanacetum parthenium or Feverfew Leucanthemum vulgare or Ox-eye daisy

Continue reading “The more common natives of the Daisy family and their medicinal and some other uses! (part 3)”

Asteraceae and some more scientific background (part 2)

The post on Asteraceae went through the entire classification and might have been a little tedious for you?

However, I do hope you find it fascinating like myself how classification does make sense, especially in large families such as the Composites or Asteraceae.

It neatly groups similar looking plants together and when these plants ‘look similar’ they most likely also have the same properties and uses.

This week we start with the uses of this family.

Of course weeds or native plants as I like to call them, are ALWAYS useful in any habitat situation, soil and indeed for other living creatures apart from ourselves.

When we pull out the dandelion or ragwort we are taking away a valuable food source for multiples of creatures. Is it really worth that?

In the following few blogs about this family I once again will copy a lot of interesting information from ‘The Medicinal Flora of Britain and Northwestern Europe’ by J. Barker.  Please get a copy for yourself as you won’t regret it!

Here are links to all the different posts on Asteraceae:

Contents:

General Information and

Introduction to the Composites by Julian Barker

  • their anatomy

Some main crops and their uses:

  • as food and fodder
  • as dye
  • as ornamental

Medicinal Uses

Xanthium strumarium or Common Cocklebur

Continue reading “Asteraceae and some more scientific background (part 2)”